2nd Entrepreneurship as Practice PhD & Research Workshop
February 20th – 21st 2017
UCD School of Business, Dublin, Ireland
Orla Byrne, Assistant Professor, School of Business, University College Dublin
Richard Tunstall, Assistant Professor, Leeds University Business School, Leeds University
Karen Verduyn, Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Economics & Business Administration, VU Amsterdam
Bruce Teague, Associate Professor, Centre for Entrepreneurship, Eastern Washington University
Confirmed Keynote Speakers and Panelists
Senior Associate Dean, College of Arts & Sciences, University of Kentucky
Professor of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, University of Bath
Professor of Entrepreneurship, Nottingham University Business School
Professor, Dep. of Management, Politics and Philosophy, Copenhagen Business School
Professor of Entrepreneurship and Business Development, Vaxjo University
Professor, School of Business, University College Dublin
William B. Gartner
Professor of Entrepreneurship, Copenhagen School of Entrepreneurship
About the Workshop
This 2-day workshop is aimed at scholars and PhD students who are using or interested in using a practice theory-led approach to entrepreneurship. PhD students looking for course work on practice theory and entrepreneurship as well as connections to and feedback from top international scholars will find the workshop highly valuable.
Building on the first workshop (February 2016 at VU Amsterdam), this workshop continues to explore what the ‘practice turn’ (Nicolini, 2009, 2012; Schatzki et al., 2001; Schatzki, 2005), may bring to understanding entrepreneurship. Initiated by such calls as having been made by Steyaert (2007) and Johannisson (2011), the entrepreneurship as practice movement is now gaining traction, witnessed by such contributions as De Clercq & Voronov (2009), Terjesen & Elam (2009); Goss et al. (2011), Keating et al. (2013), and Chalmers & Shaw (2015).
While classic “theorists of practice” (e.g. Bourdieu, 1990; Giddens, 1976) have emphasized the habitual, repetitive and taken for granted role of human practices, practice researchers today focus on the coordination of actions that reflect people’s understandings of “how to get things done” in complex settings (Nicolini, 2011; Orlikowski, 2002). Taking a practice approach makes it possible to conceive of the entrepreneurial process ‘as a culturally shaped achievement, the result of engaging with and transforming social practices of doing and living’ (Steyaert, 2007).
Practice theory relies on the general principle of consequentiality: the relationship between situated action and the social structure in which the action takes place (Feldman & Orlikowski, 2011). Practices can be seen as bundled activity patterns that constitute daily life, thus they are non-individualistic phenomena since ‘the organization of a practice is not a collection of properties of individual people [but]is a feature of the practice, expressed in the open-ended set of actions that compose the practice’ (Schatzki et al., 2001).
We see practice theory as a means to advance entrepreneurship research in several ways. First, entrepreneurship as practice continues the move away from understanding ‘who’ an entrepreneur is towards the importance of activity, performance, and work in the creation and perpetuation of entrepreneurial practice. Second, practice theory helps us understand the critical role of the body and material objects in organizing entrepreneurship. Third, the practice perspective helps us perceive and better understand the reproduction of entrepreneurial practices across time, space, and individual.
Emphasizing the intricate socially situated practices of entrepreneurs comes with considerable theoretical and methodological implications. These will be addressed during the workshop.
Workshop Topics Include:
· Origins of practice theory, current research, future directions.
· Observations and implications of implementing practice theory.
· What practice theory means for entrepreneurship
· How practice theory can advance the field of entrepreneurship
· Defining what entrepreneurship as practice can and cannot be. Identifying boundaries, limitations and future possibilities.
· Publishing practice research based on experience of writing practice theory in entrepreneurship, developing the concept, and selling the idea to fellow researchers and editors.
· EAP: How do we (need to) do it? Methods used to collect and analyse data for practice based studies, challenges involved.
· Plans for forthcoming entrepreneurship Practice and How Special Issues.
During the workshop, there will be ample time for discussion, as well as further developing papers. PhDs and early career academics will be assigned a mentor to work on specific papers. We deliberately welcome a mix of junior and senior academics.
With thanks to our sponsors: School of Business, University College Dublin – & – Society for Advancement of Management Studies
Workshop fees include €200 for PhD candidates and €250 for faculty.
All fees for presenting and non-presenting participants must be paid prior to the workshop.
Bourdieu, P. (1990). The Logic of Practice. Stanford University Press.
Chalmers, D. & Shaw, E. (2015) “The endogenous construction of entrepreneurial contexts: A practice-based perspective.” International Small Business Journal.
De Clercq, D., & Voronov, M. (2009). Toward a practice perspective of entrepreneurship entrepreneurial legitimacy as habitus. International Small Business Journal, 27(4), 395-419.
Feldman, M.S. and Orlikowski, W.J. (2011). Theorizing practice and practicing theory. Organization Science, 22(5), pp.1240-1253.
Giddens, A. (1976). New Rules of Sociological Method. Hutchinson, London
Goss, D., Jones, R., Latham, J., & Betta, M. (2011). Power as practice: A micro-sociological analysis of the dynamics of emancipatory entrepreneurship. Organization Studies, 32(2), 211–229.
Johannisson, B. (2011). Towards a practice theory of entrepreneuring. Small Business Economics. 36, 135-150.
Keating, A., Geiger, S. & McLoughlin, D. (2014). Riding the practice waves: Social resourcing practices during new venture development. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice 38 (5), 1207-1235.
Nicolini, D. (2009) Zooming in and out: Studying practices by switching theoretical lenses and trailing connections”, Organization Studies, Vol.30, No.12, 1391-1418
Nicolini, D. (2012). Practice Theory, Work and Organization: An Introduction. Oxford University Press. Oxford.
Orlikowski, W.J. (2002). Knowing in practice: Enacting a collective capability in distributed organizing. Organization Science, 13(3), pp.249-273.
Schatzki, T.R. (2005). Peripheral vision the sites of organizations. Organization studies, 26(3), pp.465-484
Schatzki, T. R., Knorr-Cetina, K., & von Savigny, E. (Eds.). (2001). The Practice Turn in Contemporary Theory. Psychology Press. London.
Steyaert, C. (2007). ‘Entrepreneuring’ as a conceptual attractor? A review of process theories in 20 years of entrepreneurship studies. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 19(6), 453-477
Terjesen, S. and Elam, A. (2009), Transnational entrepreneurs’ venture internationalization strategies: A practice theory approach. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice. 33, 1093–1120.